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Get to Work! Maximize Your Employability

A guided pathway for students to develop themselves personally and professionally for a successful career.

How Employers Hire

This page presents an effective job search approach by comparing the job search process like a research project you have conducted in class.

Before starting your job search, it is good to know that each employer has its own unique style of hiring. The hiring methods of advertising agencies differ from those of newspapers.  Similarly, the hiring methods of newspapers differ from those of hiring firms, which differ from those of educational or public institutions.   More, large organizations often use different hiring procedures to fill different positions-some are offline, some are online and some are a combination. And some jobs are not advertised at all.  Successful job seekers use a variety of methods to contact prospective employers, rather than limiting themselves to one method.  

Regardless of your job or career interest, it is important for you to let as many potential employers as possible know who you are, what you can do, and why you are interested in their organizations.  The more specific you can be in discussing why you are interested in them and why you can contribute to their organizations, the more effective your contact will be.

Job Search Techniques

Photo by Thought Catalog on UnsplashThe job search process requires strong research, networking, communication, organizational, presentation and evaluation skills. 

The job search process is like a research project you've conducted in class.  You are gathering information to answer a question that solves a problem.  The steps involved are similar for your job search:  you create a working plan, connect to your audience, find sources, manage and complete the project (i.e. job search).  You conduct your researching using books, the Internet and by talking to people.  And then you present the outcome in writing (i.e. a resume) and orally (i.e. interviewing, networking). 

The research process of job searching (full-time or part-time), even volunteer, internship, and scholarship is basically the same.

Listed below are fifteen types of job search techniques.  Combine or use ALL.  

1.  Libraries, 2. Recruiting, 3.  Networking, 4.  Social Media, 5.  Targeted Mailing, 6.  In-Person Visit, 7.  Want Ads, 8.  Employment Agencies, 9.  Internet, 10.  Resumes, 11.  Career Fairs, 12.  Associations,  13.  Internships, 14. Volunteering, and 15.  Referrals

Using recruiters and responding to ads or Internet postings are two methods Employers use.  About 25 to 50 percent of job hunters find new jobs using these two methods. 

Formal job search techniques:

1.  Recruiters, 2.  Ads or Internet posting, 3.  Walking-In, 4.  Direct Mail, 5.  Cold Calling, and 6.  Applications.

Research indicates about 25 to 50 percent of job hunters find jobs using 1. recruiters, and 2. responding to ads and internet posting.

Informal job search techniques:

1.  Networking.

 Research indicates  about 50 to 75 percent of job hunter find jobs this way.

Research Process in Job Search

Before you begin your complex task of job hunting explore the library environment.

Get comfortable with physical and virtual library spaces, such as, the library building and library website.

It's smart to ask for help when you have a question.

Libraries provide key resources and help for job seekers.  They offer:

  • Computer access, free Internet and training
  • Career exploration and job search help 
  • Job and career databases and tools
  • Job and career print books and ebooks 
  • Trusted guidance in a safe environment.

If you do not fully understand your job/career search, get background information. 

Social Media: Career-oriented social networking sites.

Individual company websites:  Interested in a job at a specific company? Look on the company's Web site.

Professional associations:  Look for the job lists on the associations web site. Library staff can help you find the professional associations.

Industry trade websites & listserves:  Trade associations advertise jobs online. Library staff can help you identify trade associations for the industry.

Local:  SMCC myCareerMaricopa Career Network, and Career & Workforce Information.  

National:  American Staff Association

International:  World Wide Recruiting Network 

Networking:  Personal Contacts (Family and Friends), Professional Contacts (ex. Decision Makers, Influencers, Insiders, and Professional Peers, and Others).


Be authentic.  Be yourself.

Conversations are based on common interest.

People exchange information.

Grow and create new relationships.

Networking approach is information job search.  About 50 to 75 percent of job hunter find jobs this way.

Evaluating Sources

Evaluate your presence on the Internet.